深圳襄阳网上炒股

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肯尼亚女性赋权NGO的希望与困境

2019-10-23 来源 :公益时报  作者 :

Grace Nanana女孩救援中心正在玩耍的女孩们

 作者在肯尼亚内罗毕Southland贫民窟与当地女性交流她们的商业项目

■ WURONGYI ZHANGYUAN ANXINGYUE XUJINGYI

ZAIKENNIYAFUNVLVSHILIANHEHUI(Federation of Women Lawyers Kenya,JIANCHENGFIDA)DEJIEDAIDATINGNEI,BUSHAOFUNVZHENGNAZHEWENJIANZUOZAIMENKOUDESULIAOYIZISHANG,JIAOJIDIDENGDAIZHEGONGZUORENYUANDAITAMENJINRUFANGJIAN,QIPANZHELIMIANDEGONGYILVSHIKEYIBANGTAMENJIEJUESHENGHUODENANTI。TAMENZHIDAO,ZHEICHUANGBAISEFANGZILIMIANZUOZHEDENEIWEINVSHIHUOXUNENGGOUZHONGRANTAMENDUIYUSHENGHUODEXIWANG。

HEZHEIXIEFUNVYIYANG,KENNIYAQIANQIANWANWANDENVXINGDOUMIANLINZHEZHONGZHONGKUNNAN。ZAIMEIGUOGUOJIKAIFASHUUSAIDFABUDE《2017NIANQUANQIUXINGBIEBUPINGDENGBAOGAO》ZHONG,KENNIYADEXINGBIEPINGDENGPAIMINGWEIDI76WEI(GONG144GEGUOJIACANYUDIAOYAN),KENNIYANVXINGZAIJIAOYU、JIANKANG、JIUYEHEZHENGZHICANYUDENGFANGMIANJUNMIANLINZHEBUPINGDENGDAIYU。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 ERXIANGFIDAZHEIYANGDEFEIZHENGFUZUZHIWANGWANGSHIRUOSHINVXINGDESHENGMINGZHIGUANG。MUQIAN,KENNIYAYOUSHANGBAIGENVXINGFUQUANNGOZUZHISHITUBANGZHUNVXINGBAITUOPINKUN、ZAOHUNZAOYUN、GELI、QUEFAJIAOYU、JIABAODENGWENTI。DANYUCITONGSHI,ZHEIXIENGOZHONGDEXUDUOZISHENYEMIANLINZHEZIJINDUANQUE、XIANGMUSHEJIBUWANSHANDENGGEFANGMIANDETIAOZHAN。

现状:多维度的帮扶

深圳襄阳网上炒股 JINGJIWENTIJIHUSHIKUNRAOSUOYOUKENNIYARUOSHINVXINGDEZUIHEXINWENTI。“NANXINGDECAICHANJICHENGQUANYONGYUANYOUXIANYUNVXING,”FIDADEFALVGUWENVivianZHICHU。

“MUQIANKENNIYAJIN1.3%DENVXINGYONGYOUZIJIDETUDI,”NVXINGWEIQUANYISHIJIAOYUZHONGXIN(The Centre for Rights Education and Awareness,JIANCHENGCREAW)DEZHIXINGDONGSHIWangechi L WachiraYERUSHISHUO。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 ERKENNIYANVXINGZAITUDIJICAICHANQUANFANGMIANDEXIANZHIYEZHIJIEDAOZHILEKENNIYAJIN17.9%DENVXINGYOUZIGEHUODEXINDAIFUWU。

CIWAI,KENNIYANVXINGDEJIUYEZHUANGKUANGYEBURONGLEGUAN。GENJUKENNIYALIANHEGUOFEIZHOUJINGJIWEIYUANHUIDEBAOGAO,ZAIKENNIYAHELUWANGDA,CHAOGUO80%DENVXINGCONGSHILINSHIXINGDEFEIZHENGSHIZHIYE。ERKENNIYAZHENGSHIJIUYERENQUNZHONG,NVXINGJINZHAN1/3。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 ZHENDUIKENNIYANVXINGZAIJINGJIFANGMIANRUCIRUOSHIDEXIANZHUANG,KENNIYANGOZHENGCHANGSHITONGGUOWEINVXINGTIGONGJIUYEJIHUI、ZHIYEPEIXUN、XINDAIFUWUDENGFANGSHI,WEIQISHIXIANJINGJIFUQUAN。

KazuriSHIKENNIYASHOUDOUNEILUOBIYIJIAZHUANZUOSHOUGONGTAOCISHOUSHIDESHEHUIQIYE,ZAIJINGYINGSHOUSHIYEWUDETONGSHIHAIZHILIYUJIRUOSHINVXINGTIGONGGENGDUOJIUYEJIHUI。KazuriYOUXIANGUYONGDANSHENMUQIN,BINGWEIGUYUANJIQIJIATINGTIGONGMIANFEIDEYILIAOBAOZHANG。RUJINKazuriGUYONGLE340DUOMINGNVXINGYUANGONG,QIZHONGDABUFENDOULAIZIYUZHOUBIANGEGEPINMINKUSHEQU。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 JINGJIXIANGMUGEXINHUI(Economic Projects Transformational Facility,JIANCHENGEPTF)ZEZHILIYUBANGZHUKENNIYANVXINGZIZHUCHUANGYEYIJIEJUEPINKUNWENTI。EPTPZHUANWEIPINQIONGNVXINGSHEJIKAIFALEYITAOWANSHANDECHUANGYEPEIXUNXIANGMU,BAOKUO40XIAOSHIDECHUANGYEPEIXUNKECHENGHEWEIQI7GEYUEDESHIJIANFUDAO。JIEZHIMUQIAN,EPTFYIWEI3000DUOMINGNVXINGTIGONGXIANGGUANZHIDAOJIPEIXUN。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 ERKAOLVDAODADUOSHUPINQIONGNVXINGQUEFACHUANGYEZIJINQIEWUFACONGCHUANTONGYINXINGQUDAOHUODEDAIKUANDEWENTI,EPTFHAIZHIDAOFUNVMENCHENGLI“ZHUOSHANGYINXING”(Table Banking):ZHEISHIYIZHONGCHUANGXINDETUANTIRONGZIXIANGMU,TONGCHANGYOUSHIDUOWEINVXINGZUCHENGYIGEXIAOZU,ZUNEICHENGYUANMEIYUENACHUYIDINGSHUEDESHOURUXINGCHENGZIJINCHI。YOUXUQIUDECHENGYUANKECONGZHONGJIEKUANBINGZAIHAIKUANRILIANBENDAIXICHANGHAI,QITACHENGYUANZEKEHUODELIXISHOURU。YICIWANGFU,FUNVTUANTINEIXINGCHENGKECHIXUDEZIJINLIU,JIDATISHENGLEZHEIXIENVXINGDULIZIZHUJINXINGJINGJIHUODONGDENENGLI。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 CHULEJINGJIDIWEIDIXIAYIWAI,GUOZAOJIEHUNHUAIYUNYESHIKENNIYANVXINGMIANLINDEYIGEJIDAIJIEJUEDEWENTI。MUQIANZAIKENNIYA,SUIRANFADINGJIEHUNNIANLINGWEI18SUI,DANGENJUKENNIYA2014NIANRENKOUJIANKANGDIAOCHA,RENGYOUSIFENZHIYIYISHANGDENVHAIZAI18SUIQIANJIEHUN,SHENZHIYOU8%DENVHAIZAI15SUIZHIQIANJIEHUN。

ZAOHUNZAOYUNDUIZHEIXIENIANQINGNVHAIDESHENTIJISHENGHUOZAOCHENGLEJIDADESHANGHAI。

YIFANGMIAN,“YOUYUZHEIGENIANJIDENVHAISHENTISHANGWEIFAYUCHENGSHU,BUSHAONVHAISIYUNANCHAN,”KENNIYAQINGSHAONIANYANJIUZHONGXIN(Centre for the study of adolescence,JIANCHENGCSA)DEZHIXINGLISHIAlbert ObbuyiNANGUODISHUODAO。

LINGYIFANGMIAN,GUOZAOJIEHUNSHENGYUYEBODUOLEZHEIXIENVHAIJIXUSHOUJIAOYUDEQUANLI。“KENNIYAMEINIANYUEYOU30WANNVHAIYINZAOHUNZAOYUNCHUOXUE,”Albert ObbuyiBUCHONGDAO。

DUIYUSHANGSHUWENTI,KENNIYADEXIANGGUANNGOMENZAINULIXUNZHAOWENTIDEGENYUAN,BINGDUIZHENGXIAYAO,XIWANGBANGZHUGENGDUOKENNIYANVHAITAOLIZAOHUNZAOYUNDEMINGYUN,BINGHUODEGENGJIALIANGHAODEJIAOYU。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 GENSHENDIGUDECHUANTONGNANQUANWENHUASHIDAOZHIKENNIYANVHAIZAOHUNDEYIGEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。

LIRU,ZAIMASAIBULUO,“NVHAIBEIRENWEISHENGLAIJIUSHIWEILEJIARENDE,”Grace NananaNVHAIJIUYUANZHONGXINCHUANGSHIRENPriscilla NanguraiSHUO,“TAMENZAIHENXIAODESHIHOUBIANBEIANPAIHAOHUNSHILE,YIJINRUQINGCHUNQIJIUHUIBEIPOJIESHOUGELI,SUIJICHUOXUEJIEHUN。”YIXIENVHAIYINBUKANRENSHOUGELIDETONGKUJIBEIPOZAOHUN,ERXUANZETAOLIJIATING。Priscilla NanguraiSHOULIULEZHEIXIENVHAI,BINGZAI2005NIANCHENGLILEGrace NananaJIUYUANZHONGXIN,WEITAMENMIANFEITIGONGJIAOYU、YILIAOJIRICHANGYISHIZHUXINGSUOXU,MUQIANYILEIJIBANGZHU700DUOMINGNVHAI。

ERKENNIYANVHAIZAOHUNZAOYUNDELINGYIDAYUANYINZESHIXINGJIAOYUDEQUESHI。

“XUEXIAOKEBENLIDE(LIANGXINGJIAOYU)ZHISHIWANQUANBUGOUYONG”,Albert ObbuyiSHUO,“ERYIDANYIGENVHAIHUAIYUNJIUZHINENGCHUOXUE,NANHAIZEJIHUBUSHOURENHEYINGXIANG”。

WEIJINKENENGBIMIANCIZHONGQINGKUANG,CSAYANFALEYITAOXIANGXIWANSHANDEXINGJIAOYUKECHENG,BAOKUOQINGLVGUANXI、BIYUNFANGSHI、AIZIBINGFANGHUDENG。RUJIN,YUE300JIAXUEXIAOYINJINLEZHEITAOXINGJIAOYUKECHENG。CIWAI,CSAHAIYUSHEQU、YIYUANDENGXIANGGUANBUMENHEZUO,XINGCHENGLEYIGEXINGJIAOYUJIZHOUBIANFUWUPEITAOBIHUAN。

CHULEJINGJI、JIAOYUHEJIANKANGFANGMIANDEFUQUAN,CUJINNVXINGZIWOYISHIDEJUEXINGZESHIYIGEGENGWEIZHANGQIDEJIEJUEFANGAN。

“QISHI,NVXINGZUIDADEDIRENSHIWANGWANGZIWOSIXIANGDEJINGU,”BreakthroughZIXUNGONGSICHUANGSHIREN、KENNIYAZHIMINGNVXINGLINGXIUPatricia MurugamiRUSHISHUO。

YINCI,KENNIYAXIANZAIYEYOUYIXIENGOZHENGZHILIYUWEIRUOSHINVXINGTIGONGQUANLIYISHIJIAOYUJIWEIQUANZHICHI,YIBANGZHUTISHENGNVXINGZIJIZHENGQUERENZHIBINGJIEJUEWENTIDESIWEIHENENGLI。

YIZHENDUINVXINGXINGBIEBAOLIWENTIWEILI,GENJUKENNIYAGUOJIAFANZUIYANJIUZHONGXINSUOZUODE2018NIANKENNIYAXINGBAOLIDIAOCHA,43%DEYIHUNKENNIYAFUNVBIAOSHICENGJINGZAOSHOUGUOXINGBAOLI。RANER,KENNIYANVXINGLVSHILIANHEHUIFIDADEFALVGUWENVivianZHICHU,“SHIJISHUJUBITONGBAODEYAOGAODEDUO”。

YOUYUDALIANGNVXINGWEIQUANYISHIDEBORUO、YIYUANQUZHENGCHENGXUBUWANSHANDAOZHIDEERCISHANGHAI、GONGANJIGUANJIFAYUANDUIANJIANGUANLIBUSHANDENGWENTI,“KENNIYAZHIYOU14%DEXINGQINFANXINGWEIBEIBAOGAO,ZHIYOUBUDAO1%DEJIAHAIZHEZUIZHONGBEIJULIU”,KENNIYANVXINGQUANLIYISHIJIAOYUZHONGXINCREAWZHIXINGZHURENAnn NjoguDUICIJIWEIQIFEN。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 KENNIYANVXINGQUANLIYISHIJIAOYUZHONGXINCREAWZHANGQIGUANZHUKENNIYANVXINGZAOSHOUDEXINGBIEBAOLIDENGWENTI。QIGONGZUORENYUANBUJINWEISHOUHAIZHETIGONGFALVYUANZHUDENGZHIJIEDEBANGZHU,HAITONGGUOSHEQUCENGMIANDEJIAOYUHEYISHIXUANCHUANKAIZHANXINGBIEBAOLIDEYUFANGGONGZUO,BINGZAIGUOJIACENGMIANDUIZHENGFUJIGOUJINXINGYOUSHUOLIFA,YIWEIHUKENNIYANVXINGDEJIBENRENQUAN,CUJINGONGPINGHEZHENGYI。

ZAIFALVYUANZHUCENGMIAN,CREAWYUKENNIYANVXINGLVSHILIANHEHUIFIDAJIANLILEZHANGQIHEZUO。FIDASHIKENNIYAZUIFUSHENGMINGDENVXINGFALVFUQUANZUZHI,TONGGUOXIANGRUOSHINVXINGTIGONGMIANFEIFALVZIXUN、SUSONGJIANYIJIBIANHUPEIXUNDEFANGSHI,BANGZHUQIWEIHUZISHENDEHEFAQUANYI。CHULEJIATINGBAOLIYIWAI,QICHULIDEWENTIHAIBAOKUOJIANHUQUANHEFUYANGFEI、HUNYINJIUFEN、JIUYEQISHIDENG。MUQIAN,FIDAMEITIANCHULI150JIANFALVJIUFEN,CONG1985NIANCHENGLIZHIJINYIJINGLEIJIWEI30DUOWANMINGFUNVJIERTONGTIGONGMIANFEIDEFALVYUANZHU。

ZAISHEQUXUANCHUANCENGMIAN,CREAWLIYONGSHEQUGUANGBODIANTAILAICHANGDAOHECUJINFUNVDERENQUAN。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 ZAIZHENGCECHANGDAOCENGMIAN,CREAWCANYULEGEZHONGXIANFASHENCHAJIZHI,BINGTONGGUOJIANCHIBUXIEDEYOUSHUO,CUSHIKENNIYA2010NIANXIANFAXIUZHENGANZHONGJIARU“ZHISHAOSANFENZHIYIDEGONGGONGFUWUZHIWEIYINGYOUFUNVDANREN”DEGUIDING,YIGONGGUKENNIYAXIANFAZHONGDEFUNVRENQUAN。

挑战:困难重重

SUIRANKENNIYAXIANYOUDENGOZHENGZAIWEIRUOSHINVXINGTIGONGDALIANGDEYUANZHU,DANZAISHIJICAOZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,TAMENYEMIANLINZHEZIJIN、YUNYINGDENGGEFANGMIANDEZHUDUOTIAOZHAN。

“NGOXIANZAIMIANLINDEZUIDADETIAOZHANHAISHIZIJINDUANQUEWENTI。”FUNV、ERTONGHEQINGNIANFAZHANZUZHI(Women Youth & Children Development Organization,JIANCHENGWYCDO)DEFUZERENTerrySHUODAO,“JUANZHUZHEDADUOBUHUICHIXUWENDINGDIJUANZHUZIJIN,JUANZHUHEZUOSHIJIANJIESHU,RUGUOWOMENBUNENGZAIHUODEJUANZHUZIJINLE,XIANGMUYEJIUTINGZHIBUQIANLE。”

CHUCIZHIWAI,DUOSHUYUANZHUZIJINDOUBANSUIZHEYIDINGDETIAOJIAN。JUANZHUFANGHUIYAOQIUHEXIANZHINGODUIYUYUANZHUJINDEYUNYONG,QIZHONGMOUXIEGUIDINGYOUSHIHUIWEIBEINGODEJIAZHIGUAN,DAOZHINGOHUOQUYUANZHUZIJINSHIMIANLINYIDINGDEKUNNAN。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 CHULEZIJINWENTIYIWAI,KENNIYANVXINGFUQUANNGOZISHENYUNYINGGUOCHENGZHONGYECUNZAIXIANGMUSHEJIYUSHOUZHUZHEXUQIUBUPIPEIDENGWENTI。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 RUQIANWENSUOTIJIDE,EPTFWEIBANGZHURUOSHINVXINGDESHANGYESHENGCHANHUODONGTIGONGZIJIN,ZHIDAOFUNVMENCHENGLITUANTIRONGZIXIANGMU“ZHUOSHANGYINXING”(Table Banking)。SUIRANXIANGMUSHEJIDELIXIANGSHIFENMEIHAO,DANSHIJIZHIXINGGUOCHENGZHONGQUEMIANLINZHEFUWUYUSHOUZHUZHEXUQIUBUGOUPIPEIDENGXIANSHITIAOZHAN。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 NaomiSHENGHUOZAINEILUOBISouthlandPINMINKU,SHI4GEHAIZIDEMUQIN。TACONGQUNIANKAISHICANYUEPTFHEWYCDOHEZUODEFUNVJINGJIFUQUANXIANGMU,SHIQIZHONGYIGETable BankingHUZHUXIAOZUDECHENGYUAN。TONGGUOHUZHUXIAOZU,NaomiKAILEYIJIAZAHUOPU,DANTADEJINGJIZHUANGKUANGYIJIUBULIXIANG。

“TAMENBANGZHUWODESHANGYEXIANGMU,DANTAMENZUODEHAIBUGOU,”YOUYUWUFAJICHUMEIYUETable bankingDEYINGJIAOEDU,TAXUANZETAOBIHUIYI。“WOXUYAOZHIFUSHANGDIANDEZUJIN,(ZHUSUODE)FANGZU,HAIYOULIANGGEHAIZIDEXUEFEI,WOMEIYUEDESHOURUGENBENBUGOU。”

ZHEISHIYIGEPUBIANDEWENTI,WYCDODEFUZERENTerryJIANGUOFEICHANGDUOLEISIANLI,“ZHEIXIEFUNVDESHENGHUOFANGMIANDEWENTITAIDUOLE,SUOYITAMENWANGWANGJIEQIANLAIJIEJUEZHEIXIESHENGHUOWENTI,QUEBINGBUNENGRANGZHEIXIEQIANCHANSHENGLIRUN,ZHEIBIANDAOZHIHENDUONVXINGWUFARUQIHAIKUAN”,TAWUNAIDISHUO。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 YOUYUHUZHUXIAOZUZHONGGEGECHENGYUANDEJINGJIBEIJINGBUTONG,SUOYISHEDINGDEMEIYUEYINGJIAOJINEBINGBUSHIMEIYIGECHENGYUANDOUKEYICHENGDANDE,ZHEIYEDAOZHILEHENDUOHUZHUXIAOZUZAISHIJIYUNYINGGUOCHENGZHONGWUFAZHANGQIWEICHI,LUORULANWEIDEGANGAJINGDI。

深圳襄阳网上炒股 KENNIYANGOWEINVXINGFUQUANZHILUDAOZUQIEZHANG,DANGEGEJIGOUYIRANJIANSHOUZHEZIJIDESHIMING,XIWANGZHENZHENGBANGZHUKENNIYANVXINGZOUSHANGDULI、PINGDENG、ZIYOUDEWEILAI。“SUIRANMIANLINHENDUONANTI,DANWOMENDUIWEILAIYOUQINGXIDEGUIHUA!”SHUOZHEIJUHUADESHIHOU,TerryDEYANSHENLIXIEMANLEXINXIN。